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Abdominal pain can be caused by problems along the digestive tract or elsewhere in the abdomen. Such problems include a ruptured esophagus, a perforated ulcer, irritable bowl syndrome, appendicitis, pancreatitis, and gallstones. Some of these disorders can be relatively minor; others may be life threatening. A physician will decide whether immediate treatment is needed or whether further diagnostic tests are indicated.
When bacteria invade healthy tissue, the infection spreads throughout the area. Some cells die and disintegrate, leaving spaces where fluid and infected cells accumulate. White blood cells, the body's defenders against infection, move into these spaces, and after engulfing the area, they die. The white blood cells accumulate as a creamy substance that fills the area. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, heat, swelling, redness, and possibly fever.
Allergic Reactions are reactions of the immune system in which normal body tissue is injured. Allergens can be almost anything - a dust particle, plant pollen, a drug, or food - that acts as an antigen to stimulate an immune response. Allergic responses range from mild to severe. Most consist of just the annoyance of watery, itchy eyes and some sneezing. At the other extreme, allergic reactions can be life threatening if they involve sudden difficulty in breathing, heart malfunction, and very low blood pressure leading to shock.
Bites from certain animals can inject venom (poison) through mouth parts or a stinging apparatus. Symptoms of potential poisoning or infection vary widely depending upon the source. The most routine area being affected is either the hand or the foot. While reactions vary from mild to severe, those who are highly allergic could suffer an anaphylactic reaction which is life threatening and requires immediate treatment to neutralize the associated toxin.
Asthma is a condition in which the airways are narrowed because hyperactivity to certain stimuli producing inflammation; the airway narrowing is reversible. The condition is triggered by stimuli such as dust mites, pollen, animal dander, smoke, cold air, and exercise. In asthma attack, the smooth muscles of the bronchi go into spasm that requires the person to exert more effort to move air in and out. Stress and anxiety can also trigger the release of histamines and leukotrienes with the same labored breathing symptom.
This is the inflammation of the bronchi usually caused by an infection. The condition is usually mild and eventually heals completely. But bronchitis may be serious in chronically ill people with heart or lung disease and, in the elderly. Symptoms include those of the common cold: runny nose, tiredness, chills, back and muscle aches, slight fever, and sore throat. However, the start of a cough usually signals the beginning of bronchitis. Persistent symptoms/conditions that are unusually severe require lab work to define the appropriate antibiotic therapy.
Conditions resulting in chest pain vary widely and require a healthcare professional to properly diagnose. Some indications include: aortic dissection, aortic stenosis, atherosclerosis, as a conversion symptom, coronary artery disease, esophageal disorders, heart attack, pericarditis, and pleurisy. Some respiratory disorders and tightness of breath can also cause chest pain. Suffice is to say that chest pain should be treated promptly to gain the proper care.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is persistent obstruction of the airways caused by emphysema or chronic bronchitis. Cigarette smoking is the most important cause of COPD, so stopping smoking is paramount, particularly when the condition is identified. Also, avoiding exposure to other airborne irritants is essential to aid breathing. Using a spirometry test to measure reduced airflow in a forceful exhalation is required to properly diagnose the condition.
Low blood pressure (hypotension) is blood pressure low enough to cause symptoms, such as dizziness and fainting. For instance, if a person has an abnormal heart rhythm, the heart may be unable to increase its output of blood enough to compensate for the decrease in blood pressure. People with such conditions may feel fine when resting but feel faint when exercising because the body's demand for oxygen increases suddenly. Other conditions that may prompt a similar dizziness response include coughing, intestinal cramps, fear and the site of blood. Among other conditions related specifically to the elderly, mild stroke causes dizziness.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is blood clotting in the deep veins. DVT is dangerous because all or part of the thrombus (a clot) can break loose, float along in the blood stream, and lodge in a narrow artery in the lung, obstructing blood flow. Doctors are greatly concerned with every patient with deep vein thrombosis. However, DVT shouldn't be confused with phlebitis in varicose veins, which is painful but comparatively harmless.
There are various indications of ear infections ranging from Middle Ear Infections in young children (toddlers and infants) as well instances as presented by adults. They frequently occur when a cold, throat infection or allergy causes fluid to become trapped in the middle ear. Mostly affecting children, symptoms include earaches and thick, yellow fluid draining from the ears. Another indication, swimmer's ear, results in inflammation of the external ear canal which presents a minor nuisance through frequently prompts visits to healthcare professionals for therapy.
While some minor eye injuries are treated at home, such as a slight eyelid cut, most injuries require prompt medical care to avoid or minimize further damage. Everyday activities such as cooking result in 40% of home eye injuries. Ice packs are often used to reduce swelling, pain and bleeding and are the recommended first line of therapy while medical care is sought. Small foreign bodies, such as dirt, can be troublesome and painful on the surface of the eye. Flushing with water or gently rubbing with a fine cloth sometime frees the particle so it can be removed.
Fever is the body's normal and healthy reaction to infection and other illnesses, both minor and serious. It helps the body fight infection. Fever is a symptom, not a disease. In most cases, having a fever means you have a minor illness. When you have a fever, your other symptoms will help you determine how serious your illness is. Viral infections, such as colds and flu, and bacterial infections, such as a urinary tract infection or pneumonia, often cause a fever. Our health care professionals will determine the root cause of your fever and supply the necessary treatment to control both the fever and, importantly, its related illness.
Various conditions present flu-like symptoms: They range from Insect bites and stings (tick bites, particularly), HIV/AIDS; traveling can also present food born ailments form germs introduced to which your system is not accustomed. Certain medicinal side effects (Interferon Gamma for Atopic Dermatitis, for instance) cause these symptoms. Caregivers for young children frequently present with Flu-like symptoms. While Flu-like symptoms are better tolerated, in general, by healthy adults without immune deficiencies, the young and elderly or those who are pregnant are particularly vulnerable to flu-like conditions.
Objects that may intrude the body can vary in their point of entry and severity. They can enter through an orifice, directly into tissue (splinters, for instance), within the intestines from ingestion, or even warts. While some foreign body removal is self-treated, certain conditions warrant a health care professional's attention such as when diabetes or peripheral artery disease (PAD) are present. Any instances where stitches (sutures) are required or infection is possible require a professional's care. As a certified urgent care facility, EMC is fully versed in removal and treatment of foreign bodies...and has a vast depth of experience in this service.
With approximately 45 million Americans suffering from chronic headaches and more than half of them experiencing migraines the condition is prevalent and a frequent cause for seeking medical attention--apart from self-medication by over-the-counter remedies. Causes range for the usual such as stress/tension, menstruation and overwork on mentally challenging tasks. On occasion, headaches can be attributed to medical treatments such as spinal tap or epidural block. Additional causes can be derived from consuming contaminated food products such as bagged salads (or cold slaw) as well as food additives (MSG) and certain preservatives. Proper diagnosis and treatment will follow an examination by EMCs highly knowledgeable medical staff.
Hip injuries vary in both intensity and in severity, particularly as it relates to the age of those afflicted. Caretakers are frequently stressed by this condition as they suffer along with the patients increased demands for help due to pain and reduced or (entire) lack of mobility. Though deciding the difference between an injury or a dislocation is best left to a medical professional. A dislocation, though painful has differed and somewhat less severe therapy than a broken or fractured hip. Additionally, some who suffer hip injuries do so as a result of bone degeneration and/or arthritis. In any instance, those who suffer a new occurrence should not be moved unless the affected area is completely immobilized under the direct care of an emergency medical team member.
The indications of this condition range from Lower Back pain due to Compression Fractures (or Herniated Discs), to "Skier's Thumb" to assorted sports related injuries resulting in fractures. Osteoporosis puts some at risk of spinal fracture. Perhaps the most common fractures are broken bones in the feet or, secondly a Tibial fracture (which is the bone located in the upper area of the shin). The goal here is to minimize joint disease and limited mobility resulting from the injury. EMC will assess the condition and use whatever medical imaging is required to properly determine the condition and the immediate stabilization therapy required while a longer-range rehabilitation plan-of-action can be enacted.
Bug bites are fairly common. Some bites, such as one from a fire ant or a sting from a bee or yellow jacket (wasp), cause immediate discomfort. Others trigger itching or go unnoticed. Bug bites or stings are seldom dangerous but in some cases they can lead to a life-threatening allergic reaction, severe symptoms, or a serious medical condition, such as malaria or Lyme disease. The most dangerous reactions are where urgent care is required. Lesser conditions are frequently self-medicated by the following methods: Wash the area with soap and water. A cold compress or ice may help reduce itching and swelling. Calamine lotion, an over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream, or a topical antihistamine may also help relieve the itch.
This is the medical practice of replenishing bodily fluid lost through sweating, bleeding, fluid shifts or other pathologic processes. Almost all circulatory shock states require large-volume IV fluid replacement, as does severe intravascular volume depletion (e.g., due to diarrhea or heatstroke). Intravenous therapy may be used to correct electrolyte imbalances, to deliver medications, for blood transfusion or as fluid replacement to correct, for example, dehydration as mention above. Compared with other routes of administration, the intravenous route is the fastest way to deliver fluids and medications throughout the body.
A laceration is a wound caused by a sharp object producing edges that may be jagged, dirty, or bleeding. Lacerations most often affect the skin, but any tissue may be lacerated, including subcutaneous fat, tendon, muscle, or bone. A laceration should be repaired if it:
- Continues to bleed after application of pressure for ten to fifteen minutesLaceration repair mends a tear in the skin or other tissue. The procedure is similar to repairing a tear in clothing. Urgent Care physicians routinely repair lacerations. The four goals of laceration repair are to stop bleeding, prevent infection, preserve function, and restore appearance.
- Is more than one-eighth to one-fourth inch deep
- Exposes fat, muscle, tendon, or bone
- Causes a change in function surrounding the area of the laceration
- Is dirty or has visible debris in it
- Is located in an area where an unsightly scar is undesirable.
Frequently defined by injuries of the legs, hips, knees, ankles or feet these injuries make it difficult (if not impossible) to exercise or perform any work that requires mobility. The injuries can be caused by a variety of scenarios including nerve damage, automobile/motorcycle accidents, sports activities, blasts (blunt force impact), falls, diabetes, frostbite, osteoarthritis and strain or accident during work. Treatment includes, examination, testing (if required to determine the cause of the injury and/or correct course of therapy) pain management as well as repair and rehabilitation of the injury where possible.
A lumbar puncture (also called a spinal tap) is a procedure to collect and look at the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid, or CSF) surrounding the brain and spinal cord. During a lumbar puncture, a needle is carefully inserted into the spinal canal low in the back (lumbar area). Samples of CSF are collected and studied for color, blood cell counts, protein, glucose, and other substances. Some of the sample may be put into a special culture cup to see if any infection, such as bacteria or fungi, grows. The pressure of the CSF also is measured during the procedure.
Most burns are minor injuries. They can occur at home or work. Frequent causes of minor burns are from hot water, a curling iron, or touching a hot stove. Burns are derived from heat, extreme cold (exposure to wet, windy, cold conditions), electrical burns, chemical, friction and radiation. For effective burn treatment (and to prevent other problems, such as infection) have an Urgent Care professional examine and treat the wound with the proper therapy. At the time of examination the degree of the burn (first through fourth) is determined.