Mononucleosis (Mono) is a prevalent and highly contagious viral illness caused by a common viral strain called Epstein-Barr (EPV)
, of the herpesvirus family. Let’s look at some common questions and answers about mono:
Can You Get Mono Twice?
You will only get mono once, however, EPV remains in your system forever. It is usually dormant but occasionally reactivates, making the virus contagious to others again.
How is Mono Contracted?
It is very contagious, often spread by saliva, mucus or tears
or through sharing things like cups or personal grooming utensils. Because it is most often spread through close contact, it has been dubbed the “kissing bug”.
Who Gets Mono?
Mono can strike nearly anyone but those who are more likely to contract mono include: the immunocompromised, adolescents and those who regularly deal with the public such as teachers, students or medical professionals. Mono is most common among adolescents. Children can get mono, however, it is uncommon and usually very mild.
What Are the Symptoms of Mono?
Symptoms of mono begin showing between 1-2 months after becoming infected and may last weeks to months. Some symptoms of mono include: headache, night sweats, high fever, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, sore throat.
Can Mono be Serious?
Sometimes. Rare but potentially life-threatening complications of mono include swelling of the liver
or swelling (or bursting) of the spleen. If you have mono and feel intense pain in the left part of your stomach, seek medical attention as soon as possible. Some rare complications
of mono include inflammation around the heart, anemia, meningitis or Gullain-Barre syndrome.
How is Mono Diagnosed?
To diagnose mono, your doctor may order special blood work or perform other tests, physically examine you as well as take your symptoms into account.
How Long Does it Take Mono to Pass?
Mono generally resolves itself but it may take time (weeks or even months) to pass completely. Occasionally people with very bad cases of mono or subsequent complications may need medications like corticosteroids to help battle it. Resting is very important to overcome mono as quickly and easily as possible. Moderate or vigorous sports activity is not encouraged if you have mono as it could cause internal swelling.
Thus concludes our peep at mononucleosis, thanks for visiting EMC! If you have any medical concerns, our excellent board-certified doctors are on standby 24/7/365 at our clinic locations.