Asthma Fast Facts
Posted on Jun 17, 2016 2017-07-07T14:32:12+00:00 0 Lung Disease, asthma Emergency Medical Care
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Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease which affects nearly 25 million Americans (1 in 14). Many people have misconstrued perceptions of asthma, in part because of decades of the condition being joked about and downplayed in the media. In reality, asthma is a spectrum condition ranging from mild to serious, and in some cases life-threatening, claiming the lives of over 3500 Americans annually.
  1. Asthma causes over 14 million doctor visits, 2 million ER trips, and over 430,000 hospital stays annually.
  2. There are different types of asthma including seasonal, allergic, bronchial and exercise induced asthma.
  3. Triggers for Seasonal Asthma include: pollen, ragweed, cold weather, humidity, weather and pressure changes.
  4. Common allergic asthma triggers are: Dust, chemicals, pet dander, smoke, pollution, smoke, mold, certain medications.
  5. Bronchial asthma is mainly brought on by scents, flus, colds or strong emotions.
  6. Pneumonia can be very serious or even deadly to an asthmatic if left unattended.
  7. Exercise induced asthma is worsened by physical exertion.
  8. Symptoms of day-to-day asthma include: wheezing, trouble breathing, post nasal drip or extra mucus, coughing and chest tightness. Symptoms may be worse at night.
  9. During an acute attack, these symptoms are much worse and can be accompanied by severe wheezing, blue tinged lips and fingernails, hyperventilation, or even loss of consciousness. If someone is experiencing any of these symptoms call an ambulance immediately.
  10. An Epipen be used as a life-saving emergency treatment until medical an ambulance arrives.
  11. Peak flow meters can be beneficial tools for moderate-to-severe asthmatics to track breathing by establishing a baseline reading to judge potential emergency readings against, letting them know when they are in the “danger zone” and it is time to seek medical attention.
  12. There are many asthma treatments available and they will work different for each person so it is important to talk to a doctor or asthma specialist about which options might best suit you.
  13. The main categories of puffers are: preventers, symptom controllers, relievers, and combination treatments. Singulair is a medication administered in pill form that can also be beneficial to people with comorbid allergies and asthma.
  14. There are needle treatments on the market today which can help control symptoms.
  15. Nebulizers are machines that distribute distilled medications such as Albuterol to the lungs in mist form via a machine and ventilated mask.
  16. Nebulizers are the most common mode of medication delivery used in hospitals for treatment of mild-to-moderate asthma attacks, you can also get personal prescription nebulizers.
  17. Severe asthma attacks are usually treated in the ER with corticosteroid injections.
  18. According to Livestong, 5 milligrams of caffeine per kilogram of body weight can help reduce asthma symptoms and dilate an asthmatic’s constricted airways.
  Speak with your doctor (or one of our highly qualified DocChat physicians) about the different treatment options available to asthmatics to see what plan may best control your symptoms.